SSA 2017 has ended
SSA could not be possible without the generous support of Drs. Herbert A. and Betty Lou Lubs and the Science, Society, and the Arts Research Conference Endowment. We are deeply grateful!
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Friday, March 17 • 3:00pm - 4:15pm
Easel 62: Language translates to executive functions: investigating the bilingual advantage in inhibitory control

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The bilingual advantage hypothesis claims that command over two languages alters brain structure and function. The need of a bilingual to maintain both languages active simultaneously, inhibit one, and flexibly switch between both may transfer to executive functions (EFs): a group of top-down control processes. This study investigates the effect of mono- and bilingualism on inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility across age groups. Results will demonstrate which linguistic experiences are most advantageous and at what age, if at all, the bilingual advantage becomes robust. Implementing an online format, mono- and bilinguals (ages 18-89, n = 325) completed a language background and demographic questionnaire. EFs were assessed using a Simon task, task-switching paradigm, and directed forgetting paradigm. It is hypothesized that bilinguals will outperform monolinguals on all EF tasks and that age of active onset and amount of language switching will be most predictive of outcomes.

Friday March 17, 2017 3:00pm - 4:15pm
Leyburn Library