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SSA could not be possible without the generous support of Drs. Herbert A. and Betty Lou Lubs and the Science, Society, and the Arts Research Conference Endowment. We are deeply grateful!
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Friday, March 17 • 10:30am - 11:45am
Psychological Effects: Body-Image, Pronouns, and Therapy — Huntley 221

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Pro-Thin Bias in the Media and Anti-Fat Prejudice (Paper)
Kate Lesch, Katherine Worthington
The present study investigates the relationship between pro-thin bias in the media and anti-fat prejudice. Past research has focused on how images of thin models affects women’s self-esteem and body satisfaction. Currently, data are being collected from sixty undergraduate, female students at Washington and Lee University. Participants are asked to view one of two sets of advertisements. In the experimental condition, they view three images of advertisements featuring very thin models along with two neutral images. In the control condition, the participants view five neutral, product-related images. After viewing the advertisements, participants will be asked to complete Crandall’s (1994) Anti-Fat Attitudes Questionnaire. The results of this study will provide insight on how the pro-thin bias in the media not only affects women’s views of themselves but also their views of other people.

Intelligence and Adult Health: The Relationship between Achievement Test Scores and Adult Obesity Rates (Paper)
Parker Pitts, Izzy Swanson, Carter Ware
This paper examines the relationship between adolescent intelligence and adult health. We suggest natural intelligence, rather than education alone, contributes to better health as an adult. To test the effect of adolescent intelligence and test scores on adult health outcomes, we will use obesity (BMI at age 20 and above) as a quantitative measure of health in adulthood and ACT/SAT scores as a measure of adolescent intelligence. We propose ACT and SAT scores as an informative proxy of both natural intelligence and achievement among the United States population, an explanatory variable relatively under-researched in health economics.

"I can't believe what you did!" The Effectiveness of Conveying Anger with Pictograms (Paper)
Audrey Dangler, Kelsey Jervis
This study examined the role of pictograms in conveying anger in a text message. Secondary goals included exploring the difference between the effects of emojis and emoticons and how the level of ambiguity affects the presence of a pictogram. Ninety participants from a small, liberal arts undergraduate university were recruited (74 female, 15 male, 1 other) and completed a questionnaire measuring the ratings of anger of the sender of a text message. Results indicated that a text with a pictogram was rated as angrier than a text without a pictogram. An interaction effect was present for ambiguity and pictogram types. For ambiguous messages, texts with a pictogram were rated as angrier than texts without a pictogram. However, for explicit messages, no significant difference was found. Extending past research to include angry pictograms, this study further demonstrated that pictograms aid the interpretation of computer-mediated communication, but more so for ambiguous messages.

Perceptions of Gender Neutral Pronouns (Paper)
Samantha Sharman, Jake Burnett, Alex Dolwick
The purpose of the current study is to examine the effects of gender neutral pronouns on processing speed. Previous research has examined the use of the singular pronouns “they/their.” The current research focuses on both the use of “they/their” and another gender neutral pronoun set, “ze/zir,” in comparison to gendered pronouns in order to see which type of pronoun is processed with the most ease. Currently, we are in the process of recruiting and testing participants. Participants read three paragraphs that differ on type of pronoun used. We will analyze processing speed and ease of use for both gendered and gender neutral pronouns. With recent increases in the number of people identifying as gender neutral, it is important to learn more about societal perceptions of language use.

The My Voice Project (Paper)
Catherine Latour
Society suffers from social anxiety in the form of public speaking. In my creative work, The My Voice Project, I evaluate the significance of being a confident public speaker and how our nation’s youth is largely deprived of the opportunity to become socially confident speakers. To combat social anxiety, I founded The My Voice Project, an elevenweek program that gives children the confidence they need to stand up for themselves. Over the past three summers I have developed a curriculum bound in a fifty-page manual. Currently, I am working to expand this project because of the significance it could have in empowering others. Through my presentation, I plan to describe my motivation, the project and the current results. In the future, I hope to determine the outcome of a more self-confident nation as I evaluate what I must do to further implement and how society will benefit from this program.

Friday March 17, 2017 10:30am - 11:45am
Huntley 221